No spiritual realm 

Within this website I explore whether there is a spiritual realm, a supernatural realm, containing God, mind, souls, consciousness with its contents (ideas, emotions, love, reason, etc) — this, from a purely philosophical and unreligious point of view. I first assume there is a spiritual realm so as to explore the implications; then I present my conclusions (in this article and related articles).


This website (Spiritual Philosophy, is my analysis, my project, of what is true regarding God, souls, the spiritual realm (the supernatural realm), and related topics.

I abandoned Christianity in 2018 and wished to determine whether atheism and secular humanism were true, or whether I could continue to believe in a spiritual realm having: (1) souls, and (2) a good God. After more than a year, I reached my conclusions, and here they are.

For this project, I assume: (1) science is true, and (2) miracles or interventions from the spiritual realm can't violate the laws of physics. A major challenge was to find a way for spiritual beings to interact with the physical universe, and I found a way.

Also, I had this feeling, an intuition, that consciousness and purpose were real, independent and separate from the physical universe, not merely generated by the brain. Almost by definition, this requires both a spiritual realm and a physical realm. But...

My conclusions:

  1. Non-theism (atheism) and secular humanism are true.
  2. There is no spiritual realm, no supernatural realm.
  3. We cannot ever know why the universe is as it is, having conscious creatures who suffer.


People I've learned from:

Richard Carrier: My favorite. His analysis of the nature and scope of science and philosophy is spot on. Has a Ph.D. in ancient history. Proposes a theory of mythicism (that Jesus was not a historical person).

David Chalmers: Distinguishes between: (1) the easy problem of consciousness (identifying brain structures producing particular conscious experiences), and (2) the hard problem of consciousness (explaining why there is such a thing as consciousness, how it developed, and how it assists with an individual's survival).

Christopher Hitchens: My favorite of the "new" atheists. He has accurate criticisms of the abuses of religions.

Bart Ehrman: Scholar of New Testament and early Christianity. His analysis of the evolution of the ideas about Jesus being God is very intuitive.

Stuart Hammeroff: An anesthesiologist. With Roger Penrose, that consciousness arises in certain patterns of certain microtubules of certain cells of the brain.

Roger Penrose: Many contributions: (1) collapse of the wave function occurs when gravitational field is stretched too much, and this generates qualia; (2) certain brain functions are not achieved via calculation but rather by intuition; (3) with Stuart Hammeroff, that consciousness arises in certain patterns of certain microtubules of certain cells of the brain.

William Propp: Has a couple of good YouTube videos about the Exodus.

Christine Hayes: Yale professor. Has a course on the YouTube channel "YaleCourses" called "Introduction to the Old Testament".

Dale Martin: Yale professor. Has a course on the YouTube channel "YaleCourses" called "New Testament History and Literature".

Daniel Dennett: Proposes that consciousness is merely an illusion created by the functioning of the brain.

Richard Dawkins

Sam Harris

Max Tegmark: Proposes the mathematical universe hypothesis.

Sean Carroll

Richard Feynman

Neil deGrasse Tyson

Paul Bloom: Yale Ph.D. professor of psychology

Robert Sapolsky: Has "Human Behavioral Biology" course on YouTube on Stanford channel.

Rupert Sheldrake: A proponent of panpsychism. This view fails miserably.

Leonard Susskind: Physicist.

Tim McGrew: A Christian philosopher who tries to support the New Testament by claiming it's only as accurate as witness testimony; in other words, it has errors. This view mangles inerrancy, and fails miserably to validate the claims of Christianity.