Evil in the world
Within this website I explore whether there is a spiritual realm, a supernatural realm, containing God, mind, souls, consciousness with its contents (ideas, emotions, love, reason, etc) — this, from a purely philosophical and unreligious point of view. I first assume there is a spiritual realm so as to explore the implications; then I present my conclusions (in this article and related articles).
There are many possible ideas about God's nature and powers. Two general categories:
Both are false, because:
In conclusion, there is no God. Atheism and secular humanism are correct.
If there were a God, he/she would be a micromanager in the extreme. But usually people think of God as operating at macro levels; for example, he/she decides to destroy a certain nation by choreographing natural events, or by a miracle. No Christian thinks God interacts and controls every elementary particle in the universe.
Another argument against God? Why are conscious creatures so diverse? It is not fair that my dog has such a small brain. It is not good for God to create this kind of unjust world. Some creatures have a happy fulfilled life, others die a horrible painful death.
If there is a God in such a horrible universe, he/she is a horrible person. Who wants a God like this? God must be supremely good and beautiful.
I don't present any additional arguments against God because there is a lot of information about it, and I don't have anything new to add.
Certainly it is justified to reject the Christian view of God (or any other view professed by any revealed religion or revealed spiritual path); this, because revealed religions and revealed spiritual paths are untrustworthy sources of knowledge and truth.
Perhaps whatever God is, he/she is the universe in operation. The forces of nature (God's will), space and matter (God's body), time (God's consciousness), the randomness of quantum mechanics (God's free will). Notice that this conception of God gives him/her no option to choose which event does or doesn't occur; it all happens based on the initial setup, and the operation of the natural laws.
The fact of the universe being as it is,... I suppose this kind of "God" chose it to be that way. But, this kind of God has no moral component (God would need to choose to "be" a morally good universe) but, rather, good and bad and neutral things all happen by random.
Perhaps somehow in all this, the randomness is actually God's free will. But again, his free will choices are not morally good. Thus, this kind of "God" is not really God at all but is, rather, merely the universe as it is.
This analogy helps, I think, to visualize the mental and social aspects of life. The universe itself has these necessary ingredients built-in.
In order for a given conception of reality to be considered as "God", there needs to be no gaps. God should encompass everything, every aspect of reality.
In the face of the existence of moral evil, those promoting belief in God typically allow that, in creating humans (or other conscious creatures, including angels), their free-will choices and their conscious experience; that these are somehow "outside" of God (while still being subsumed within God). This way, God doesn't do evil; rather, his free-will created creatures do it!
But requiring such a gap to explain evil; it means this conception of God is not really God.
And anyway, none of this explains suffering caused by natural events (such as tornados and branches falling from trees).